Start Treating for the 2nd Generation of BTM Larvae in Toronto

Feeding damage and one larva of box tree moth
Early-Mid Instar Larva of Box Tree Moth (Cydalima perspectalis) can be found actively feeding on boxwood in some residential gardens. This is the second generation of larvae for the 2021 season and they can be found feeding for the next 3-4 weeks. Inspect all twigs and foliage carefully, pull branches apart to find well-camouflaged green larvae with black heads hiding on inside foliage. This is the perfect time to spray biological insecticides like Dipel, Xentari, Bioprotec. There is also an emergency use registration for Deltagard SC for agriculture. (photo: J. Llewellyn).

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Box tree moth larvae can be found actively feeding on some boxwood shrubs in Residential Toronto gardens, mainly in the greater Etobicoke area. They seem to be more prolific on boxwood plants that receive partial shade but can also be found in full sun gardens.

Carefully examine foliage for signs of webbing and leaves and twigs that are webbed together. (photo J. Llewellyn)

Sometimes the larval webbing can be quite subtle (photo: J. Llewellyn)
The larval webbing can be difficult to detect. I find having low magnification reading glasses really helps!
Carefully pull apart webbed leaves and twigs and look for green larvae with black spots and black heads. This photo shows the posterior end of a BTM larva. (photo: J. Llewellyn).
Carefully pull apart webbed leaves and twigs and look for green larvae with black spots and black heads. Look first on the periphery and then deep inside the branches for this camouflaged larva. (photo: J. Llewellyn)

Dipel, Xentari and Bioprotec contain a lethal bacteria such that when BTM larvae consume the spray residue on the leaves, they soon stop feeding and expire within a couple of days.

CAREFULLY INSPECT your clients boxwood for actively feeding BTM larvae and tree boxwood shrubs to manage this pest and slow the spread.

Webbing on foliage can also be caused by spiders (see above photo). Webbing alone is never an indicator of box tree moth. (photo: J. Llewellyn)

About Jen Llewellyn

OMAFRA Nursery and Landscape Specialist @onnurserycrops
This entry was posted in Arboriculture, Insects, Invasive Species, IPM, landscape and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

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